Any mention of the word marijuana or cannabis can send shivers down the spine of many people! “I take marijuana? Never. What if the stuff makes me mad?” is what a lot of people would ask.
Relax for you will now know that your doctor can at times prescribe a marijuana-based medicine for you or your loved one.
First, What is Medical Marijuana?
Medical or recreational marijuana is cannabis plant extracts which you can smoke or ingest after drying. Marijuana, also called marihuana, has 70 chemical compounds that scientists refer to as cannabinoids (CBD). Each cannabinoid portrays different chemical qualities and dissimilar effects on the human body.
Researchers know that the two main marijuana chemicals, cannabidiol (CBD) and delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) exhibit mind-altering, psychoactive properties, which is the reason people seek cannabis, the holy herb, grass, weed, or ganja. In the United States, about 20 million of the residents 12 years and above are marijuana users.
University Research on CBD and Medical Marijuana
Typically, marijuana creates euphoria, the good-feel factor, stimulate your appetite, and distort the sense of time. Healthcare providers and researchers seek to use the psychoactive qualities of cannabis to address various medical conditions.
An international team of researchers with a coordination center at the Vanderbilt University discovered the amygdala cannabinoid receptors. The amygdala is the human body brain region responsible for flight-or-fight response and anxiety regulation. One of the researchers and professor of Psychiatry, Molecular Physiology, Biophysics, Dr. Sachin Patel, M.D., Ph.D., says that the discovery of the amygdala-cannabinoid receptors connection is a major step in using cannabis to address behavioral disorders. The study on CDD, “Multiple Mechanistically Distinct Modes of Endocannabinoid Mobilization at Central Amygdala Glutamatergic Synapses” appeared in the journal Neuron of March 2014.
Medical Benefits of Marijuana
Marijuana can help to relieve the symptoms of poor health conditions. Studies indicate that CBD has a link to how the brain receptors work. Cannaboid can activate serotonin, vanilloid, and adenosine and aid in the following body functions:
• Serotonin receptors that play a major role in mood control
• Vanilloid receptors whose responsibility is to meditate on pain.
• Adenosine receptors that help to control the body sleep-wake cycle
Scientific experiments show that CBD is potentially the cure for the diseases and conditions below:
• Psychiatric disorders, including anxiety, depression, psychosis, and schizophrenia.
• Drug-resistant epilepsy, motor, and neurological disorders.
• Obsessive compulsive disorders.
• Nausea and vomiting.
• Select pediatric conditions.
• Chronic and neuropathic pain.
• Parkinson’s disease.
• Nicotine addiction and substance abuse.
In Florida, for example, patients with “debilitating medical conditions”, can access FDA-approved drugs specified in the Florida Medical Marijuana Legalization Initiative. The best thing about CBD-based drugs is that they do not cause addiction.