You need your eyes to see, but there are times when problems strike and the retina is venerable to disease or sickness. It can be scary when dealing with an eye problem, but the key is to get help immediately. Here are the five most common conditions when dealing with the retina.
1. Retinal Detachment
The retina can detach from the eye. This dangerous condition causes a loss of vision in the affected eye. If caught in time, the retina can be salvaged and the vision can be saved. If the retina completely detaches, then a person will be left without vision in that eye.
2. Retinitis pigmentosa
Retinitis pigmentosa is a degenerative condition where the retina slowly dies. The rods and cones inside the eyes slowly die and the vision is not salvageable. Though there have been many breakthroughs over the past year, there is no cure for this condition. Special glasses, called the high-powered lenses, are helping people to regain some use of their eyes.
Cancer of the retina is called Retinoblastoma. This form of cancer is very rare and highly dangerous. It attacks the immature cells of a retina, which are responsible for seeing light. It is often seen in children and a genetic condition. The end result is a loss of vision, and almost always the eye is taken out and a glass eye placed in the socket. Doctors take the approach to save the life and then save the child’s eye. It is usually treatable, but there is a 35 percent increased a chance of developing additional types of cancers.
4. Macular Degeneration
There are two types of Macular degeneration that affect the retina. In the wet version, the blood vessels grow underneath the eye and leak. The retina slowly dies. As the retina is declining, the vision will become bury. In the dry versions, the retina deteriorates on its own. Surgery may help, but there is no cure for this condition. It is one of the most common causes of blindness in this country.
5. Diabetic Retinopathy
Diabetes is known for its ability to mess with the eyesight. Not only is this condition the leading cause of blindness in adults, but it is also very common among diabetes patients. Diabetes damages the blood vessels that flow to the retina, and the eye site is damaged beyond repair. It begins with no symptoms, just mild vision problems.
Retina disorders almost always end in blindness. When there is a treatment available, it usually only helps to prolong the inevitable. Medicine has found new and improved ways to combat problems with the retina, but it remains one of the most difficult areas to treat, as it involves the eye and vision. Hopefully, there will soon be cures for these difficult conditions.